第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分）
1. Which language does the man want to learn?
A. French, German, or Russian.
B. French, German, or Spanish.
C. French, German, or English.
2. What did the man do just now?
A. He cooked eggs and chicken.
B. He did some shopping.
C. He withdrew (取出) some money.
3. Who is the woman probably?
A. Mr. Robertson’s secretary. B. Mrs. Robertson. C. A hotel clerk.
4. How did the woman come to school?
A. By bike. B. On foot. C. By bus.
5. What does the man advise the woman to do?
A. Have a talk with Mike later.
B. Prepare for her job interview.
C. Help Mike with his job interview.
6. What does the woman want the man to do?
A. To help her choose a dress.
B. To go to Jenny’s birthday with her.
C. To lend her his membership card.
7. Why does the man go downtown?
A. To buy some books for Ann. B. To go to the City Library. C. To buy a dress for Ann.
8. How long did the woman sleep last night?
A. For about two hours. B. For about four hours. C. For about six hours.
9. What day is it today?
A. Wednesday. B. Thursday. C. Friday.
10. Who is Mary?
A. The woman’s mother. B. The woman’s aunt. C. The woman’s sister.
11. What did Mary do in 1984?
A. She competed in the Olympics and won.
B. She retired from swimming.
C. She worked at a bank.
12. When did Susan O’Neil break Mary’s world record?
A. In 1984. B. In 1988. C. In 2000.
13. What is the woman doing?
A. Watching TV.
B. Reading a newspaper.
C. Surfing the Internet.
14. Why did the mother name her newborn baby “Enough”?
A. She didn’t want any more children.
B. She thought it was really an interesting name.
C. She thought there were too many people on Earth.
15. When did the world’s population reach three billion?
A. In 1959. B. In 1969. C. In 1974.
16. What was the world’s population in 1987?
A. 4 billion. B. 5 billion. C. 6 billion.
17. What does the speaker want to tell people？
A. How to live a healthy life.
B. How to make big changes.
C. How to make a healthy weight.
18. How does the speaker advise people to get active?
A. By walking, running and so on.
B. By holding some social activities.
C. By making as many friends as possible.
19. What does the speaker suggest people doing in the third tip?
A. Watch TV with family once a week.
B. Do some physical activities with family.
C. Have dinner with family once a week.
20. What are people advised to do in the end?
A. To avoid staying at home alone.
B. To do some regular work.
C. To have a clean environment.
Argentina: Land of Discovery
Experience the lively culture of Buenos Aires as you work to build low-income housing for local families in need.
Duration: 14 to 21 days
Program Type: Find Your Passion
Tuition: $ 4,999 ( 21 days ); $ 3,399 ( 14 days )
Community Service Hours: 45 ( 21 days ); 35 ( 14 days )
Language hours: N / A *
Belize: Rhythms of the Caribbean
Make a difference as you work to promote children’s literacy (读写能力), explore Belize’s diverse ecosystems, and experience the color and culture of this exotic (异国情调的) nation.
Duration: 21 days
Program Type: Find Your Passion
Tuition: $ 4,999
Community Service Hours: 60
Language hours: N / A
Costa Rica: Spanish Service Adventure
Navigate (驾驶船只) through a diverse mountainscape and improve your Spanish skills.
Duration: 14 to 21 days
Program Type: Language immersion (沉浸)
Tuition: $ 4,999 ( 21 days ); $ 3,399 ( 14 days )
Community Service Hours: 55 ( 21 days ); 36 ( 14 days )
Language hours: 45 ( 21 days ); 30 ( 14 days )
Costa Rica: Protecting the Pacific
Protect the oceans through volunteer projects on the pacific coast.
Duration: 14 days
Program Type: Environmental Conservation
Tuition: $ 3,399
Community Service Hours: 30
Language Hours: N / A
* N/A: Not applicable (不适用)
21. Which program gives you the most hours of community service?
A. Land of Discovery. B. Rhythms of the Caribbean.
C. Spanish Service Adventure . D. Protecting the Pacific.
22. How is Spanish Service Adventure different from other programs?
A. It is the shortest program.
B. Its tuition fees are the cheapest.
C. It provides different community service hours.
D. It offers great opportunities to learn a language.
23. Which program is focused on helping to improve the living conditions of the poor?
A. Land of Discovery. B. Rhythms of the Caribbean.
C. Spanish Service Adventure . D. Protecting the Pacific.
Strong icy winds and the sight of endless white snow are just two of the challenges people must overcome in the Arctic. But a 15-year-old British girl didn’t let these worry her. On April 15 Alicia Hempleman Adams became the youngest person to walk to the North Pole.
She completed the adventure with her PE teacher and two other companions. Each of them carried 40 kilograms of supplies. At times temperatures fell to -45 degrees centigrade during the 320-kilometre trip across Baffin Island in northern Canada. But it took them only ten days, two days less than planned. “It is a really good feeling, more of an achievement,” said Alicia after coming to the end of her Arctic adventure. “The wind was like a beast coming from behind us. The trip seemed endless and there was nothing: no buildings, no people, no animals. Sometimes we had to walk across lakes covered with thin ice, which is really horrible.”
The girl also beat her famous father, David Hempleman Adams’ time for the same walk. David is a top British explorer, who reached both the South and North poles on foot. He also set a series of hot air-balloon records and climbed the highest mountain on every continent. “It’s a double-edged sword,” he said. “I’m very proud of what she has achieved but a bit miffed that she has beaten my time.” Asked if there would be any future joint adventures, the dad joked: “I think I would be struggling to keep up with her now.”
Alicia flew back to Britain last week where she faces the more normal task of returning to school. And she said her achievement would not necessarily mark the start of a career in exploration. “Try other things is my priority,” she said.
24. During the adventure, what made Alicia frightened?
A. Strong icy winds and endless white snow.
B. The absence of buildings and animals.
C. Her young age and the heavy supplies.
D. The move on the thin ice covering lakes.
25. Which of the following can best describe Alicia?
A. Young and selfish. B. Adventurous and determined.
C. Strong and beautiful. D. Considerate and positive.
26. What does the underlined word “miffed” in paragraph 3 probably mean?
A. annoyed B. satisfied
C. humorous D. horrible
27. We can infer that after this trip to the North Pole, what is Alicia going to do?
A. Challenge more of her father’s records.
B. Participate in a joint adventure with her dad.
C. Start more explorations by herself.
D. Experience some different activities.
You won’t have any excuse to skip class anymore. French Startup Open Classrooms is offering the first State-recognized bachelor degree in France that uses only MOOCs (massive open online courses). The company partnered with IESA Multimédia to create this program.
There are three learning paths in engineering, design and marketing. Students will have to complete all the courses and required projects in order to get their degree. It’s the exact same degree that you would get at IESA, except that you won’t see any teachers. IESA is already working on 40 different MOOCs for this program.
On average, it will take a year of hard work in order to complete all the classes. As always, it’s hard to keep going when you sign up for a MOOC – that’s why every week, you will get to video chat with a teacher.
This kind of degree has many key advantages. For IESA, it gives the school more students. IESA is a private school, and its end goal is to make as much money as possible. So, with these new MOOC students, IESA will be able to get more money per teacher on average.
For Open Classrooms, the company will certainly get a benefit as a technology provider. It already offers a course for ?20 per month, but you need to pay ?300 per month for the Premium Plus offering to use the state-recognized program. It’s unclear how much Open Classrooms will keep, but it should be more than ?20 per month.
For students, it’s a cheaper way to get a degree. Maybe you can’t afford to study for three years at IESA and pay ?6,950 per year. Open Classrooms lets you work and study at the same time and pay a lot less. Sure, it’s probably a less enjoyable experience than going to your school and spending time with other students and teachers, but it makes sense for some students.
It’s an interesting new direction for Open Classrooms, and I can’t wait to see whether other schools will start working with the company to provide online courses. It will be interesting to see whether the first students are satisfied with this kind of degree as well.
28. If you complete the degree program offered by Open Classrooms, ______.
A. you can skip classes that you are not interested in
B. you can get a degree in about two years
C. you need to meet a teacher once every month
D. you can get a state-recognized degree in France
29. How can students benefit from the degree program, according to the article?
A. They pay much less money to get a degree.
B. They study their courses in a more enjoyable way.
C. They don’t have to spend time with other students and teachers.
D. They are free to choose the courses and projects they take in order to get the degree.
30. What is the author’s attitude toward the OpenClassrooms degree program?
A. Upset. B. Positive.
C. Negative. D. Critical.
31. What is the main theme of the article?
A. The benefits of an Open Classrooms program.
B. The reasons behind the popularity of MOOCs.
C. Some tips on how to choose an Open Classrooms program.
D. The difficulties of keeping up with online courses.
British parents encourage their children to play musical instruments as part of a family tradition and not to raise their social status as Americans do, research says.
Dr. Aaron Reeves of the University of Oxford found that UK parents did not see musical achievement by their children as character building or useful in getting university places or jobs. Instead, it was usually only those parents who played instruments that encouraged their children to follow suit.
This contrasted with research carried out by other academics in America, he said. “Middle-class parents in the US appear to associate cultural practice with other benefits, such as developing specific characteristics and paving the way for educational success. Middle-class families are often marked by a pattern of ‘concerted cultivation’, where parents organize music-centered activities for their children, often in addition to school-based musical practice.”
Researchers had owed this to parental anxiety over the declining fortunes of educated Americans. These parents have become increasingly worried about providing their children with skills and abilities enabling them to stand out from their competitors in the job market.
By contrast, for British respondents, no such connection was made between what is considered as an overbearing parenting style and future educational or career possibilities. The parents interviewed here did not connect music with usefulness but rather they focused on the value of music as a family tradition and, to a lesser extent, as something valuable in its own right.
One Scottish parent, a chemist by profession, said during the interviews, “We’ve got two learning musical instruments. If we think it’s worthwhile, we try and encourage them, but we wouldn’t force them.” A housewife said, “My son’s just turned five and I want him to do the guitar because his uncle does it, but it’s up to him.”
In some UK families, said Dr. Reeves, “music was even believed to be an obstacle to educational success, or at least secondary to it.”
32. What do British parents think of music learning?
A. Useful for job application. B. Helpful for character building.
C. Beneficial to further education. D. Worthwhile as a family tradition.
33. What does the underlined word “this” in Paragraph 4 refer to?
A. Cultural practice. B. Educational success.
C. Concerted cultivation. D. School-based musical practice.
34. What can be inferred from the text?
A. The future of American kids is not promising.
B. American parents hardly link music with success.
C. Music learning is a personal choice for British kids.
D. British parents show little concern about education.
35. What is the text mainly about?
A. Reasons for British music preference.
B. British and American parenting styles in music education.
C. Americans’ attitude towards music learning.
D. Differences between British and American parents.
When lining up at the checkout counter, the lines next to us always seem to be moving faster than the one we are standing in. Now The New York Times has put together the research to give you an understanding of the math and psychology (心理) of queuing. 36
It’s important to pick someone with a full cart. Every person requires a fixed amount of time to greet and clear out of the lane. And that amount of time is an average of 41 seconds per person. 37 Do the math. If there are five people ahead of you, each with 10 items in their carts, the waiting time will be 355 seconds. But if there is only one person ahead of you, with 50 items in the cart, the waiting time is 191 seconds. 38 For example, four bottles of the same milk will definitely go faster than four completely different items.
In some places, there may just be one line leading to several checkout counters. The person at the head of the line goes to the next available counter. This is known as a “serpentine line (蛇形排队)”. You should always choose it. 39
In fact, around 90 percent of people are right-handed, which means they tend to naturally go to the right. 40 It will give you a better chance of finding a faster line.
A. There are different ways to tell which customers will move faster.
B. It has also offered tips on picking the fastest line.
C. Even if one of the cashiers is slow, it won’t hold up an entire line.
D. So a better understanding of waiting can make it a bit more bearable (可承受的).
E. As a result, heading to the opposite direction helps.
F. The items in their carts are also important.
G. By contrast, the time that each item takes to be rung up is only three seconds.
I had never had a birthday party before, so at my “ripe old” age, I decided to throw one for myself. About 20 people 41 that they were coming. I had a low 42 , but I spent more than usual on 43 and plates.
I sat, I waited, and, although all of my friends had said they were coming, no one 44 ! The 45 was supposed to start at noon. Here it was, 4:00 pm, and still, no one was here. The expensive cake was 46 ; the food on the barbecue was burnt beyond 47 .
I tried really hard not to cry, deciding to 48 some wonderful things that I did have and read Chicken Soup. 49 , I heard a roar of an engine, just outside my front door. Mr. Kenny, obviously, did everything he could to arrive. I cried in his arms, saying, “I’m not 50 of anything!” He 51 away my tears, held me tight, and said the 52 words: “I will ALWAYS be your friend!”
As we sat outside, laughing and talking, I felt I was truly 53 by God despite so many 54 and difficulties. He was sent to me in my 55 hour, when I wanted to give up on this 56 world.
Yes, life can be beautiful; yes, there are some people who love each other for over 50 years, but there are some of us that do not 57 those luxuries (奢华).
I don’t know if Kenny realized that he 58 my life last night. He did it with just one kind act: 59 time out of his very busy schedule and giving me warm, huge 60 .
Thank you, Ken, for rescuing me and making me look forward to tomorrow!
41. A. confirmed B. lied C. threatened D. pretended
42. A. appearance B. income C. manner D. system
43. A. revolutions B. decorations C. collections D. predictions
44. A. turned up B. broke up C. dressed up D. cheered up
45. A. description B. application C. cooperation D. celebration
46. A. crashing B. calming C. melting D. decreasing
47. A. description B. appreciation C. recognition D. consideration
48. A. spy on B. think of C. get away with D. account for
49. A. Actively B. Equally C. Suddenly D. Actually
50. A. worthy B. certain C. afraid D. tired
51. A. broke B. gave C. wiped D. threw
52. A. false B. painful C. grateful D. magical
53. A. sheltered B. ignored C. damaged D. forgiven
54. A. items B. rewards C. requests D. challenges
55. A. hottest B. coolest C. noisiest D. darkest
56. A. lucky B. mean C. modern D. natural
57. A. enjoy B. express C. demand D. buy
58. A. lived B. damaged C. saved D. spoiled
59. A. losing B. limiting C. wasting D. spending
60. A. performances B. hugs C. harvests D. bills
The Dragon Boat Festival is a 61 (tradition) holiday that commemorates the life and death of the famous Chinese scholar Qu Yuan.
It is a day 62 many people eat zongzi and race dragon boats. In ancient China, the festival 63 (celebrate) as “Poets’ Day” in honor of Qu Yuan, who was known as China’s first poet.
64 is commonly believed that the local people began the tradition of throwing sacrificial cooked rice into the river for Qu Yuan, while others hoped that the rice would prevent Qu Yuan’s body from 65 (eat) by the fishes in the river. At first, the locals decided to make zongzi in hopes that it would sink into the river and reach Qu Yuan’s body. However, the tradition of wrapping the rice in bamboo 66 (leaf) to make zongzi began the following year.
A dragon boat, usually 67 (make) of wood to various designs and sizes, is a human-powered boat. They often have 68 (bright) decorated designs that range anywhere from 40 feet in length 69 100 feet, with the front end shaped like open-mouthed dragons, and the back end with a scaly tail. The boat can have up to 80 rowers to power the boat, depending on the length. A sacred ceremony is performed before any competition in order to “bring the boat to life” by painting the eyes. The first team to gain a flag at the end of the course wins 70 race.
Recently, a famous basketball player has caused public angry by writing on the Great Wall.
In the fact, this happens in many places of interests in China. I had some suggestions to help solve this problem. My suggestions are as follows.
First, make more posters to remind the public the damage of graffiti (涂鸦). Then, those who behaves in so a bad manner must be given serious punishment like a fine. However, I think it’s helpful to put up some boards along the tourist attractions where tourists can leave messages.
Finally, which I am sure of is that with our joint efforts, more and more people will become concerning about protecting cultural relics.
1-20 ABCBA CABAB ACBCA BAABC
21-35 BDA; DBAD; DABA; DCCB
41-60 ABBAD, CCBCA, CDADD, BACDB
61. traditional 62. when 63. was celebrated 64. It 65. being eaten
66. leaves 67. made 68. brightly 69. to 70. the
angry—anger 去掉the interests—interest had—have public后加of
behaves—behave so—such However—Besides which—what concerning-- concerned
I have received your last letter, in which you mentioned that you want to lose weight.
When it comes to losing weight, what comes first in my mind is that you should keep a balanced diet. Therefore, it’s of great importance to get rid of your unhealthy eating habits and turn to healthy ones. Furthermore, a proper amount of regular exercise will also do you good, which is undoubtedly the most effective approach to burning off extra fat storing in your body. Last but not least, maintaining a healthy state of mind does count. With these measures combined together, you’ll surely, in my opinion, become amazingly energetic and slim soon.
I hope my advice will be beneficial to you and I’m looking forward to your next letter.
W: What do you want to learn?
M: French, German, or some other language.
W: How about Spanish?
M: Well, I don’t want to take Spanish. Russian is OK, though. How about you?
W: Me? English, of course.
W: Where did you go just now?
M: I went to the shop and bought two dozen eggs and two pounds of chicken.
W: How much did it cost you in all?
M: Twenty yuan.
W: Good morning! Jinling Hotel. What can I do for you?
M: Can I leave a message for Mr. Robertson in Room 746?
M: Please tell him that the bus will pick him up at 3:00 pm.
M: Look at you. You are out of breath.
W: I ran all the way to school.
M: Why? Where is your bike?
W: There is something wrong with it. My dad is going to have it repaired today.
W: I can’t stand Mike.
M: Why? What did he do to make you so angry?
W: He smokes all the time. I really hate the smell.
M: He is worried about his job interview. You might talk to him about it later.
M: Lucy, are you going out?
W: Yes. I need a new dress for Jenny’s birthday party.
M: I’m going downtown, too. Could you give me a lift?
W: Sure. By the way, don’t you have a membership card for the Pretty Girls Store?
M: Yes. I often buy dresses for Ann in that store. I can get a 20 percent discount on everything there.
W: Do you have it on you?
W: Great. Could we go there first? I want to use your card.
M: Why not? It’s still 2:00. I’ll still have enough time to choose some books.
W: So you are going to the City Library, aren’t you?
M: No, I’m going to buy some books for Ann. She likes reading.
M: You look tired, Alice. Did you not sleep well last night?
W: I didn’t go to sleep until 2:00 am, and then I had to get up around 6:00 in the morning.
M: To play computer games again?
W: No. I had to finish my work plan for next year. My boss is going to read it himself this morning.
M: Why didn’t you get it done earlier?
W: My boss had said he wouldn’t need it until this Friday. But then he suddenly changed his mind and wanted it two days earlier.
W: I guess it has something to do with the bad economy. We had a terrible year this year. He is worried and wants to figure out a solution as soon as possible.
M: Is the woman in the picture your mother?
W: No. That’s my aunt Mary. She was a very famous butterfly swimmer in the 1980s.
W: Yes. She competed in both the 1984 and the 1988 Olympics.
M: Did she win?
W: She sure did. She set world records in the 100-meter and 200-meter butterfly swimming events. She was only a teenager at that time.
M: She was really great. What did she do later?
W: She retired from swimming and went to work at a bank in her hometown.
M: Has the record she set been broken?
W: Yes. In May 2000, Susan O’Neill broke her 200-meter butterfly swimming record. My aunt was very happy when she heard the news.
M: Your aunt must be a great woman. I really look forward to meeting her one day.
M: Anything interesting in the newspaper today?
W: Yes. A mother in South Africa named her newborn boy “Enough”.
M: Why? Didn’t she want to give birth to any more children?
W: She wants to have a daughter, but she thinks there are already too many people on Earth.
M: I guess she is right. The world’s population has already reached 7 billion.
W: You are right. It seems the world’s population has been growing faster and faster recently.
M: Why do you say so?
W: It wasn’t until 1804 that the world’s population reached its first billion.
M: When did it hit 2 billion?
W: In 1927. According to this article, the world’s population hit 3 billion in 1959, 4 billion in 1974, 5billion in 1987, and 6 billion in 1998.
M: That’s horrible. Action must be taken to prevent the world’s population from growing so fast, or people might starve in the future.
W: You couldn’t be more right.
In general, a healthy person doesn’t smoke, is at a healthy weight, eats healthily and exercises. Here are a few ways you can start living a healthy life without making too many big changes to your lifestyle. First, get active. It is certainly an important way to remain healthy. You can walk, run, play sports, swim, climb, jump, and more. Doing activities like these will keep you fit physically. Second, eat healthily. Having a healthy diet is another important part of a healthy lifestyle. It can help you control your weight; it can also improve your health and quality of life as you get older. Third, watch less TV. Once a week, turn off the TV and do some physical activities with your family. Watching TV for hours every day will make fast weight gain more likely. Fourth, do some regular tasks. Working in the garden, sweeping the floor, washing clothes ... these kinds of activities can keep you moving. Last but not least, keep yourself clean and keep your surroundings clean. Doing this can create a healthy and positive environment. Such an environment is very important to a healthy lifestyle. Unclean places cannot only make you feel less comfortable but can also make you sick.